The fact that overweight or a high body mass index (BMI) increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease has long been known. British scientists have proven that the risk is very high. They analyzed the results of 16 studies from the United States and Europe, in which over 120,000 people participated. Published the findings of the journal Lancet Public Health.
Specialists from the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at University College London for over 10 years have been analyzing data from 120,813 men and women over the age of 35 (51 years on average). By the beginning of the study, they had not suffered a stroke, had neither type II diabetes nor heart disease.
The results obtained after the end of the work were alarming. Cardiometabolic risk with overweight (BMI: 30-35) was twice as high as with normal. With obesity of the first degree (BMI: 30-35), it increased fivefold, and with the second and third degrees (BMI: 35-40 and more than 40) - almost 15 times. This applies equally to men and women, the elderly and young people. Dependence on skin color was also not observed.
A more accurate analysis of the cardiac consequences showed that patients with large overweight (II and III degree) are 2.2 times more likely to develop vascular complications (KHK and apoplexy stroke), 12 times more than vascular complications and diabetes, 19 times later - only diabetes and almost 30 times - diabetes and cardiovascular complications later.
According to German experts, already during the study it became clear that even with I degree obesity, the risk of increasing glucose levels and the development of coronary heart disease and stroke significantly increases.
How to control body weight
"The work showed how important it is to fight extra pounds around the world, and pointed to the need for an effective population-wide prevention program," says Dr. Dietrich Garlichs, a representative of the German DANK union, which is studying inexpressible diseases. According to scientists, it is necessary to encourage people to be interested in sports and healthy eating. Everyone can learn how to cook ordinary dishes, the same oatmeal , so that they help to lose weight, and not gain weight.
"The results of the study emphasize the medical need to prescribe sugar tests in advance for overweight patients and blood vessel diseases, as well as pay attention to the prevention of vascular diseases in people with high body weight and diabetes," adds Manfred James Muller, a professor of medical sciences from German adipositas society.
According to DANK, in more than 70 countries around the world, the rate of obesity has doubled since 1980. A study recently presented in the journal New England of Medicine showed that in 2015, 107.7 million children and 603.7 million adults suffered from this problem. Over the world, being overweight has caused death in about 4 million cases. Of these, about 70% were associated with cardiovascular disease.