An elbow is not only a joint, but also adjacent muscles and tendons. Under loads, both muscles, joints, and ligaments can hurt. There are a lot of diagnoses, therefore, in order to treat something, you must first clarify the origin of the pain.
Acute elbow pain
Professional fighters, tennis players, lifters, acrobats and many others periodically complain of pain in the elbows. In the gym, we often meet athletes whose elbows are bandaged with an elastic bandage.
Any monotonous and heavy movements over time lead to muscle and ligament tears, inflammation, and joint deformation.
When we come to traumatologists, they cannot always solve the problem. Usually prescribed anti-inflammatory tablets, warming and analgesic ointments, physiotherapy (magnet, electrophoresis and others). Such treatment, of course, relieves acute pain in a few days. But it remains chronic, which sometimes for a long time prevents people from training.
And what to do in such a situation: stop working for six months or dose the load, avoiding pain? Or try unconventional medical methods? The question remains open, but we will try to cover it from all sides.
Causes of pain
Conventionally, the reasons for which the elbows hurt can be divided into three groups: injuries, diseases and too much stress. Let's take a closer look.
This is typical for blacksmiths, truck drivers, crane operators, laborers and all who load their elbows at work. Sometimes not only the elbows hurt, but also the shoulder, wrist and head.
Is there any prevention so that the pain never comes to you? You can provide enhanced nutrition for joints, regular rehabilitation in sanatoriums and massage. Will it be completely safe from pain? With a regular and repeated load - no.
A professional golfer kicks the ball thousands of times on a training day. Each time the elbow is loaded. Over time, the elbow ligaments begin to become inflamed. And with every movement, the athlete is hurt.
Boxers, wrestlers who work with their elbows all the time, can suffer the same ailment. Even a harmless sport like table tennis can also damage your elbows.
Bad exercise or wrong technique
At home or in the gym, any exercise can be so unsuccessfully that the ulnar region will ache for a very long time. Often these are pull-ups with weights, push-ups on uneven bars in non-standard positions, French bench press, extension of arms on the block and many others.
The fact is that you can tear a tendon, for example, the brachial muscle. During pull-ups, the pain will be in the elbow area on the front of the arm. This will seem to hurt your biceps. But in that zone he has only 1 head. If anything, 2 heads on top of it.
Nevertheless, the person will feel discomfort on the inside of the elbow. And when pulling up, lifting the bar for biceps or bending the arms with dumbbells . Almost all biceps exercises will cause problems. By the way, even pain can be during the breeding of dumbbells lying.
If you pulled your biceps, it’s even worse. Because then you cannot do all these exercises even with the lightest weights. You cannot even lift a kettle full of water on your straight arm.
If your triceps is damaged, you will mostly experience pain when your arms are extended. Sometimes when pulling up.
Damage to the joint of the elbow is an actual cause of pain. In this case, its mobility is sharply limited, which is clearly noticeable. And the joint itself may swell.
Diseases and injuries
Pain in the elbow can be a symptom of various diseases. You should not wait until the illness passes by itself. Specialist consultation is necessary in any case, and whether or not to follow the recommendations prescribed by the doctor, everyone decides independently.
Thoracic and cervical osteochondrosis
The pain comes from the neck, shoulder blades, leaving the arm. After that, we feel her in the elbow. In this situation, a person has nerves clamped at the level of the thoracic and cervical spine. As a result, the head suffers.
Most likely, you will need the intervention of a chiropractor or neurologist. Since the nerves are pinched, it is very difficult to control the hand. It is almost impossible to pull up.
In the early stages, elbow pain appears during push-ups on the uneven bars or pull-ups. Then and at rest, preventing sleep. Arthritis can be a systemic disease (for example, affecting the shoulder, pelvis, knees), and can attack in isolation 1 elbow.
With an unsuccessful fall, weak bones and heavy weights in the gym, you can break your arm. With a closed fracture, the arm hurts when you move it, and soreness will appear when feeling the fracture site. A crack in the bone will prevent you from pulling up on the horizontal bar. Need a doctor, plaster and further treatment.
Dislocation can damage the ligaments. The ulnar region is painful, swollen and red. You can earn a dislocation in an unsuccessful fall from the horizontal bar, or a car accident. Together with the elbow, the shoulder can also be dislocated.
This unusual word refers to tendon inflammation. Just what arises in professional athletes. It requires treatment and temporary rest.
Most often, the shoulder suffers from tendonitis (especially anatomy).
Bone growths and salt deposits
Improper nutrition, salt abuse, a little fluid during the day can provoke the deposition of insoluble salts in the elbow joint. Naturally, his mobility will decrease. And before that it will hurt to bend and unbend the arm. Perhaps a crunch will appear first.
It will be just as painful to pull up. No warming up and elastic bandages will not save you. Deposits must be removed.
The same applies to growths. A bone growth in an unsuccessful place can greatly complicate training. Especially pull-ups and bars.
Despite the variety of conditions in which our elbows may be, modern medicine copes with most of them quite effectively.
Such therapy can be very useful for problems with the spine and pinched nerves.
When choosing a medical center that carries out such activities, you need to learn as much as possible about it. Is there a corresponding license, how experienced are the specialists working there. It is advisable to talk with those who have already received help in this manual center.
The essence of manual therapy is as follows: the doctor gropes for the problematic places in his opinion and puts them in the right position. Most often, this effect on the vertebrae. After several such sessions, the person experiences relief.
From a scientific point of view, everything is justified - nerves and muscles are clamped, and the chiropractor’s sensitive hands restore the initial position of the bone-joint structures. And it really works.
In most cases, treatment begins with a trip to a traumatologist. Further, you can be referred to a neurologist to avoid nerve pinches. In the clinic, an x-ray, ultrasound or MRI of the elbow is done. Then the doctor makes a diagnosis and prescribes treatment. If the soreness is high, anesthetics are given. If the condition is quite bearable, usual ointments and physiotherapy are enough.
It is worth noting that if you get injured it is very important not to postpone the visit to the doctor. The process of your recovery largely depends on how quickly assistance will be provided to you.
Difficulties with the final recovery
Sometimes, despite all the treatment methods, the recovery of a sick elbow is delayed for a long time. If a person leads a sporty lifestyle, climbs rocks, pulls himself on a horizontal bar, it will be difficult for him to change his lifestyle for a long time. Otherwise, he will become depressed. People live this.
Therefore, they wait a couple of weeks or 1 month and, even if the elbow is still a little sore, they again run to the horizontal bar. It seems that they are doing everything neatly and correctly, and the sharp pain still comes back. This means that the old injury again became fresh. Again you have to wait. And so on and on.
It happens that the pain is not sharp, but still there. So you can translate a chronic injury, which is very difficult to completely cure. In order for the injury to completely go away, you must not “tear it off the bat”.
If you had problems with the muscles, you need to carefully prepare them for the loads. Joints are easier. If they are restored, it is important to focus on the muscles and slowly return them to the regular workout schedule.
In severe cases, when there were serious illnesses, the profile of training should be changed. Perhaps these are life-long contraindications.
Consider the case when pain occurs from inflammation of the tendons or their extension (on the flexors of the shoulder).
After treatment, several weeks should pass. That is, you still have to experience a state of rest.
Then we start to try:
- Knead the elbow joints by the method of rotation. Knead well. If necessary, you can smear with a warming ointment (follow the dosage standards, otherwise it will be very hot).
- We take weights of 1 kg and do bending of the arm with it. First we do it slowly, listen to the body. Then we accelerate (not too fast, otherwise the old injury will remind of ourselves). Your task is to prevent the moment when it hurts.
- This day is better not to do anything else.
- The next day, take 2 kg, work with him 5-7 times. Try the hammer option when the brushes are turned as if you are holding a hammer. Increase weight gently. One day is not recommended to greatly increase weight. The fact is that in a hot state you can skip that important moment when you no longer need to give loads. And after 12 hours you will feel the old sad pain.
So you get to normal weights. Initially, you can give a load every day. Give it a try. And when the weight reaches 10 kg or more - you need to take a break.
Pull-ups should be tried on rubber or resting on the ground (floor). This is necessary to understand the capabilities of your muscles and tendons.
Remember the main and very important recommendations that will help you keep your elbows in order.
- Less often do the French bench press and narrow grip bench press.
- If in some exercise you feel discomfort in the elbow, wrap it with an elastic bandage. This will help prevent future injury. Do not worry, from a bandage your muscles will not receive less load. And the load on the elbows will decrease.
- Do all the flexion-extension of the hands, pulling up smoothly and without jerking. For example, on a jerk when pulling up with weights, the shoulder muscle can be damaged. And it will take a very long time (believe the word).
- Warm up before exercise. The body of each person is individual. Therefore, never look at those who immediately begin exercises without warming up. This may not work with you.
- Eat plenty of chondroprotectors and fats that are good for ligaments, joints, and tendons. This is an excellent prevention of injuries in sports fields and in the gym.
- If you have a lot of weight and want to learn how to pull yourself up, first lose weight. Otherwise, it is likely that your hands will not tolerate such a load.
- Do not straighten your elbows completely (do not snap them) during exercises where their participation is required.
- If you have not practiced martial arts before and do not know how to beat technically - do not beat the pear with your elbows. Thus, you can knock out your elbow. And it will bring you a lot of inconvenience.
The main rule that helps to maintain health can be considered the following: always and in any situation be present in what you are doing. Watch your feelings and listen to your body. He will tell you when to stop and take a break, and when you can continue to work calmly.