How did vaping come about? For what? Why is there so much debate about him?
What is vaping? Meaning of the word “vape”
Vaping - Inhalation of vapor vaporized by an electronic cigarette or other special device.
Electronic cigarettes are battery powered devices. In the process of heating the coil and the evaporator, it turns the e-liquid (or e-juice) into steam.
E-liquid (e-juice), which enters the evaporator, is a mixture of vegetable glycerin with propylene glycol, as well as with water-soluble flavors. Nicotine is not part of the composition and can be added as desired.
Currently, vaping is considered one of the most widely discussed topics. He spawned some of the hottest debate in public health history; he visited the pages of literally every newspaper, they talk about him on television. Today, about 10 million Americans smoke electronic cigarettes, and about 2 million of them completely abandoned regular cigarettes. It is difficult to say what this figure will be on a global scale, perhaps about 30 million or even more.
The story of the appearance of vaping is quite interesting. This is a great example of a truly free market of capitalism, a consumer reaction to a crisis in the healthcare system that the government could not solve, and a consumer-oriented revolution in the world of technology. And maybe all together!
When the popularity of vaping soared to incredible heights, people began to give up smoking, and this happened as quickly as no one could imagine. But at the same time doubts arose and even fear of a new invention, which became a kind of easy target for those who want to make money on the good old panic in society.
Vaping, vapers and electronic cigarettes
Some products of this production look like cigarettes (they are also called electronic cigarettes). These are not necessarily small cigarettes, although some people prefer these. Electronic cigarettes can be like any smoking device. Sometimes they are also called a personal steam generator, mod or vaporizer. “Mod” - as the first users called their simple electronic cigarettes, which they remade to make them work better. Sometimes they remade other devices (flashlights or laser pointers) into vaporizers. Large or small, disposable or not, essentially electronic cigarettes work the same way.
Vaping - everyone understands it in their own way. For those who have been desperately trying for years to quit smoking, vaping can be a miracle that will improve or even save their lives. For healthcare workers - especially fierce tobacco control advocates - e-cigarettes pose a threat to the carefully crafted status quo. They believe that enjoying nicotine without harming one’s health is the same as sinning without the risk of going to hell.
Vapers are those who use electronic cigarettes. They have long discovered that flavors such as candy or fruits help avoid tobacco cravings. The truth is that every vaper loves delicious supplements, despite the statements of politicians that this is a way to attract children to smoking. I am 57 and now I am “smoking” lemon pie. It's tasty!
Who are e-cigarettes for?
Most vapers are smokers. Some are still trying to quit a bad habit, while others use electronic cigarettes in situations where it is not possible to smoke real cigarettes. There are vapers who have never really smoked, but there are only a few percent.
According to the survey, smoking fell to a record low with the advent of vaping. And, despite the talk that vaping was created to attract teenagers to cigarettes, the level of smoking among young people has fallen even more strongly than among adults.
Dr. Michael Siegel, a professor at Boston University, said: "The more popular vaping becomes among young people, the further it pushes away the smoking of regular cigarettes and contributes to the denormalization of the situation."
Teen experiments: always have been and always will be
No one suggests children become vapers, but the fact remains - almost every teenager who smokes electronic cigarettes has already tried to smoke or quit smoking real cigarettes. Among vapers, the number of those who have never smoked is less than one percent.
The next time you read some scary story about teenage vaping, ask who the authors wrote about. About those who smoke constantly or about those who just recently tried.
Is vaping as harmful as smoking?
Vaping does not do the same harm as smoking, because it does not include the burning process. No matter how it looks for non-smokers, smoking and vaping are two very different things. When you smoke a cigarette, you set fire to a dry plant and inhale its smoke. Breathing smoke (no matter which) is dangerous.
Combustion products destroy the lungs and cardiovascular system. You inhale thousands of chemicals and compounds, including over 70 known as carcinogens. In addition to the risk of cancer, smoking can cause great harm to the heart and circulatory system, lead to heart disease, cause a heart attack and an attack of angina pectoris. It harms the lungs, emphysema and chronic bronchitis may develop.
As far as we know today, vaping does not bring any of the above. A small risk is possible (we spoke about it earlier), but so far no signs of serious harm to health have been inflicted. Having studied all the possible scientific literature on this subject, the Royal College of Physicians came to the conclusion that vaping "is unlikely to exceed 5% of all the harm of tobacco smoking."
Most disputes arise from simple differences of opinion. Should we judge vaping based on unproven health risks, or on proven benefits? US healthcare professionals are prone to the first option. They fear that the risk may appear suddenly. While British Health supports the idea that harm can be reduced by offering consumers more healthy (but not entirely safe) products instead of harmful products. Vaping is healthier than smoking. It reduces the harm from tobacco.
Perhaps you do not think about the risks or health benefits of electronic cigarettes, it does not matter if you smoke regular cigarettes or electronic cigarettes. Although they should. In the end, everyone has friends or family members who continue to smoke, despite the fact that we all know about the real dangers of cigarettes.
About half of smokers with experience are constantly dying from cigarettes. The World Health Organization has estimated that 1 billion people will die of smoking this century. What if we can convince these people to replace cigarettes with the one that does the smallest amount of harm - and perhaps does no harm at all.
Eliminating the harm done by smoldering tobacco will not only save many lives, but it will also allow billions of dollars (which are spent on treating illnesses from smoking) to go elsewhere. Reducing the problem of smoking can save money, as well as life.
How did vaping come about?
At the beginning of the road was China
2003, Chinese pharmacist Gon Lick invented a device that allows smokers to "smoke" without inhaling tobacco smoke. Gon's father died of lung cancer, and he also smoked, but wanted to quit. He patented his device and the company in which he worked gave the device the name Ruyan (“like smoking”).
Some inventors and companies also conducted preliminary tests in the manufacture of "cigarettes without smoke", but for various reasons, no one went so far in the manufacture and sale of marketable products. Three years after Gon Lick invented Ruyan, electronic cigarettes came to Europe and the United States.
By 2007, there were several online retailers in the United States, and the number of stores was growing where people could buy the first sets with rechargeable batteries and refueling cartridges screwed into them. For 8500 rub. you could buy what costs less than 1,500 rubles today.
The first devices did not work very well, but for those who wanted to quit smoking, this was more than enough. The rest saw the potential in this product and were determined to find a way to improve it, because the batteries did not last long, the heating function was not powerful enough, the cartridges did not always deliver fluid to the spiral. Could these problems be solved with ... a single click of a computer mouse?
Meet me at the forum
The first vapers found each other on the Internet. Among the first was the E-Cigarette Forum (Electronic Cigarette Forum) created by a young British vaper named Oliver Kershaw. “Electronic smokers” (one of the names that didn’t take root) discussed with enthusiasm that the device works well, what doesn’t, and what they would like to change. And this was not the only forum. The vaping world was getting bigger.
It’s hard to say what the situation would be without the Internet. Electronic cigarettes were not widespread and there were few buyers. The virtual forum has created a true community. It celebrated the appearance of each new member, he was given advice and encouraged. Each forum member was a smoker. Everyone wanted to get rid of the habit. Everyone knew that it was difficult. And everyone knew that they all became part of a kind of revolution.
The vapers made a real contribution to the development of the product they used.
In 2008, the World Health Organization, receiving government support, criticized electronic cigarettes. In 2009, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration seized the cargo that came from China, declaring electronic cigarettes an illegal device. Two US companies, including Sottera (which manufactures electronic cigarettes NJoy) filed a lawsuit and in 2010, Judge Richard Leon issued a ruling prohibiting the Office from identifying electronic cigarettes as a medicine. After that, electronic cigarettes began to be considered tobacco products.
By this time, product development had taken an unexpected path. In China, there were already many factories for the manufacture of the device, but vaping itself was not widely developed. Therefore, they turned to American and European companies. And now, what users discussed on their forums (“Electronic Cigarette Forum”, “UK Vapers”) has become used in production to interest consumers. And within a few months (even weeks) the result appeared. The vapers made a real contribution to the development of the product they used.
Moderators and YouTube
At the same time in the west, some vapers decided to improve the device on their own. Moderators created models that were sometimes approved in China but were often immediately sold to those vapers who were looking for something new. The first moderators, often known by their names on the forums: Trog, Kisko, Zen and Reidy, invented what they still use. They offered ideas that were accepted and received wide distribution.
Another community of vapers who played an important role was on YouTube. The first vapers recorded their ideas on primitive webcams, which allowed them to demonstrate the good and bad qualities of the device. Some of those first vapers are still in touch. Scott Bonner (igetcha69), Nick “GrimmGreen” Green, and Phil Busardo (PBusardo) still make videos and have hundreds and thousands of fans.
Along with various forums and YouTube channels, many discussions today are conducted on the social networks Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. Vapers around the world find ways to meet, discuss the device, give advice and organize protests against the law.
The heyday of the industry: e-liquid and vape shops
After the Food and Drug Administration defeated NJoy in court, many sellers began opening their own businesses. In the end, this device helped them quit a bad habit - why not share this “miracle” with other smokers? Two events took place in 2010 that contributed to the rapid spread of vaping. Firstly, many Internet companies have begun to sell US-made electronic liquid (refill liquid). They offered a dizzying variety of flavors and levels of quality. From ordinary liquids (with one taste) to complex and skillfully made mixtures. Thus, vapers who bought products on the Internet and did not know whether they liked the aroma or not, could hope that they would definitely like one of the mixtures.
Demand for e-liquid naturally led to the emergence of specialized stores. Prior to this, vapers bought mixtures and vaporizers online with few exceptions. But as the vaping community grew too large to exist only within the virtual world, the vapers began to cash out their retirement accounts, quit their jobs and open their own shops, which became places for them to meet.
Some vape shops have created their own e-liquid lines. Others sold hundreds of existing brands originating across the country. With the ability to taste the aroma in a store before buying it, vaping expanded even faster. But at the same time, legal problems appeared. Cities and states wanted to introduce a tax on vape products, remove “children's tastes” from the shelves, and control all the places where vapers could smoke.
Today’s conflict with the Food and Drug Administration will decide whether the industry can survive, or whether the lives of millions of people will depend on those companies that can meet the requirements of the Office. It is worth noting that these requirements will bankrupt any company that does not have millions to enter the game. Currently, the federal court is considering a number of problems that have arisen with the adoption of decisions of the Office. Producers and trade associations have teamed up against rules that threaten their existence and threaten vapers access to products that helped them quit smoking. The struggle for the future of vaping continues.
Vaping can change your life - if you allow
When I wonder what vaping will be in the future, I open the CASAA (Alternative Smoking Centers Consumer Rights Research Council) research page. Thousands of vapers share their stories about how they quit smoking. They are the same as you and me. They smoked and struggled to find a way to stop.
And they found him.
“I smoked since 13 years old, now I am 42 years old. I tried to quit many times, I tried Zyban, Champix tablets, etc. The result was always the same - I returned to smoking. But for 3 months now I have been smoking electronic cigarettes and I am sure that I will never return to smoking regular cigarettes. I got rid of cough and constant heartburn, I began to sleep better. Even my children became happier, because I no longer smell like an ashtray (although I never smoked next to children or at home). Vaping has had a huge impact on my health and quality of life. ”
“I smoked since I was 14 years old. Most of my family members too, including my husband. We both quit smoking when we started using electronic cigarettes. It is like a gift from above! We tried everything, but nothing worked. Nicotine patches, lozenges, Varenicline, cold turkey method (Cold turkey - instant cessation method - approx.), NOTHING. Thanks to vaping, we have not smoked for almost 3 years! ”
CASAA is a consumer rights organization that fights for our rights to electronic cigarettes. It exists on donations, but everyone can join the organization for free. Do it, tell your story. The voices of over 200,000 CASAA members are a powerful reminder to all opponents that vaping saves lives.
What does vaping mean to you?
Vaping - everyone understands it in their own way. There are those who will never see anything good in him. For them, nicotine is a terrible addiction, and inhaling steam (or smoke) is a vice, a weakness that indicates some terrible moral deficit. Perhaps they would even prefer that we continue to smoke, because it satisfies their Puritan conviction that all pleasures should have consequences. These people seem very unhappy.
Most people who have never smoked regular or electronic cigarettes do not necessarily hate vaping; they just don’t understand why we are doing this. Fair. Personally, I smoked for many years, and all this time I wanted to get rid of the habit. Only vaping helped me. Partly because it is very similar to smoking, I was able to fool myself. But soon I actually began to give preference to him! I don’t feel like smoking anymore.
A large selection of devices, thousands of flavors, people who have helped me so much and a desire to keep vaping for people who need it, like I once did - all this defines vaping for me.
Ok, I want to try. Where do I begin?
What to buy?
You can start by buying an e-cigarette similar in size to a regular one. Many vapers started this way, and some continue to use disposable electronic cigarettes. But it’s not cheap; every time you spend about 300 rubles. If you like cigarette-sized vaporizers, today there are reusable and rechargeable devices that are more cost-effective.
And now it's time to talk about pen-shaped electronic cigarettes. They have powerful batteries that last longer and produce more energy. There are devices that can regulate power and have the function of preventing interruptions in work. There are vaporizers with refillable tanks. They make it easy to choose the scents that you like best. Remember, nicotine is not dangerous in cigarettes!
Another option is a device in the so-called capsules. This is a cross between cigarettes and larger pens. They are more powerful, but less convenient to use. Try different brands and flavors of e-liquid until you find the ones you like. Your preferences may change as your taste buds recover from cigarettes. Fortunately, the choice of e-tickets is incredibly varied. In addition, it is best to start with a high level of nicotine. For example, 18 or even 24 mg / ml. Because if there is too little nicotine in the liquid, you will have to “smoke” constantly to get what you crave. Remember that nicotine is not dangerous in cigarettes!
Which is better to buy online or in a specialty store?
It is up to you. It's great that there are so many options, but sometimes it can be confusing. If you read our guide and already know where you would like to start, you can shop online. If you prefer to see the product first, I suggest visiting a specialty store. If there are vapers among your friends, ask them questions. Read online reviews. Just remember that your choice may differ from what an experienced vaper would choose.
Try to find a store where beginners help. Sellers will be happy to answer your questions and provide you with several choices. Most stores are very welcoming and happy to help.