average life expectancy
According to World Bank studies, the average Russian lives 14 years less than a European or an American, and 16 years less than a Japanese. Now this indicator is less than 66 years old - 58 years for men and 72 years for women.
It is interesting, but if it is difficult for an individual to increase the general health of the nation, then extending his own life is not so difficult. It is enough to understand what our fellow citizens are doing “wrong”, what are the main causes of death, and to avoid these mistakes.
10 main causes of death in Russia
- High blood pressure - 36%
- High Cholesterol - 23%
- Smoking - 17%
- Inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables - 13%
- High body mass index (obesity) - 12%
- Alcohol - 12%
- Low physical activity - 9%
- Air pollution in cities - 1%
- Lead - 1%
- Illicit drugs - 1%
Obesity and overweight
Interestingly, in terms of the ratio of overweight women - 25% - Russia is quite comparable to the "nation of fat men" - the United States, in which there are 29%. According to studies, every fourth woman and every eighth man in our country is obese .
In addition, over the past few years, we have consistently taken first place among European countries in the number of fat people, and more than 50% of our population is obese. There are two reasons - malnutrition and a sedentary lifestyle.
For most of our fellow citizens, sport is football on television. According to a 2002 survey, in Russia 81% of men and 86% of women lead a sedentary lifestyle and engage in any kind of physical activity for less than 20 minutes a day.
Based on these figures, by the way, we get the magic figure of 25 million “athletes” of Russia, voiced by Mutko. In fact, independent studies say that we have about 300,000 people doing fitness - less than 0.2% of the population.
The diet in Russia is characterized by a large consumption of animal fats and salt, while the consumption of vegetables and fruits is minimal. As a result, a large percentage of diabetics , people with high cholesterol and heart disease.
The number of deaths from cardiovascular diseases in Russia is 994 per 100 thousand people, which is one of the highest in the world. For comparison, in the USA and Europe it is three times lower, in Brazil - four times.
Smoking in Russia
Russia is one of the countries with the highest smoking prevalence among men in the world. We smoke 65% of the male population, and more than 30% of the female population, which is twice as much as in the United States or Great Britain. Aromatic cigarettes with a button are smoked by many teenagers.
It is believed that every second smoker dies due to smoking-related illnesses. Remember that quitting smoking will increase the duration and quality of your life. If you decide - on our forum you will always find support.
Despite the fact that the average life expectancy for men in Russia is 58 years, it is not so difficult to increase it for oneself. You need to start by getting rid of bad habits, eating properly and playing sports at least once a week.