What is gastritis?
In simple words, gastritis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach or esophagus of any nature. There are a number of factors leading to the development of gastritis: starting from a genetic predisposition and malnutrition, ending with bad habits (such as smoking) and even infections¹. Unfortunately, absolutely no one is safe from the development of gastritis.
Since the development of digestive juices is disrupted in gastritis, after eating, the stomach begins to digest not food at all, but itself. The role is also played by the fact that the body as a whole ceases to digest food normally, which affects both the absorption of vitamins and minerals, and macronutrients in general. Chronic gastritis often goes into a stomach ulcer.
The diet for gastritis is based on the rejection of foods that cause mechanical and thermal damage to the stomach (rough, excessively hot food) and on the use of foods that are easy to digest. We are talking about alkaline vegetables in stewed, baked and boiled form, various compotes, as well as low-fat meat (chopped or past a meat grinder). With gastritis with high acidity, you can drink milk, with low - it is prohibited.
Gastritis - Symptoms
Unfortunately, gastritis does not have any unambiguous and clear symptoms - since it is a complex and multifaceted disease, medicine distinguishes many types and subtypes of gastritis, depending on the cause, increased or decreased acidity of gastric juice, and so on. The complexity is compounded by the fact that each type of gastritis has special signs.
However, the most common symptoms of gastritis are unpleasant sensations in the stomach, immediately following a meal - bloating, a feeling of heaviness, belching, nausea or heartburn (which is, in fact, the ingestion of gastric juice into the esophagus) (1) . To determine gastritis unambiguously, it is necessary to undergo a medical test of FGS with an examination of the walls of the esophagus and stomach.
Nutrition for gastritis
Despite the fact that there are medicines and various medications that help minimize or relieve unpleasant symptoms of gastritis (for example, heartburn or bloating), for the successful treatment of this disease it is important not only to take pills, but to completely change your daily diet and completely refuse from bad habits.
For example, smoking (especially on an empty stomach) has an extremely negative effect on the acidity of gastric juice - which is why people with gastritis are strongly advised not to smoke at least until the first meal. Alcohol also significantly upsets the balance in the stomach, leading to microburns and numerous mucosal injuries.
Diet for gastritis: what is possible and what is not?
Proper nutrition for gastritis, first of all, is based on whether a particular patient has an increased or decreased acidity of gastric juice. In the first case, it is recommended to abandon products that stimulate the production of acid in the stomach, while in the second case, these products will be more likely to be useful in the diet.
The universal rule of the diet for gastritis is that such nutrition implies the maximum restriction of any food that irritates the stomach (from rough crackers and gluten products to moderately hot spices) (3) , as well as the presence of a large amount of fiber (dietary fiber contained in in plant stems) and healthy fats.
What can not be eaten with gastritis?
Once again, we recall that the specific list of products prohibited in gastritis always varies from patient to patient, depending on the nature of the disease, its nature and brightness of the course of symptoms. Below are just examples of products that are most often not recommended for use if a person has gastritis.
The list of products prohibited for gastritis :
- Any “acidic” vegetables and fruits . The stomach can be irritated not only with onions and garlic, but also with citrus fruits (oranges, lemons, grapefruits), apples, bell peppers, radishes and even fresh tomatoes. All of these foods are prohibited in gastritis, as they stimulate excessive acid secretion.
- Bread, pastries and sweets . First, sugar in itself increases the acidity of gastric juice and provokes gas formation. Secondly, any industrial sweets (cookies, waffles and so on) contain quite aggressive soda, yeast and preservatives. Thirdly, chocolate (and coffee) in any form irritates the stomach. Not to mention gluten in wheat .
- Canned food, sausages and semi-finished products . The problem of "half-cooked" food is primarily in preservatives that extend shelf life and prevent bacteria from multiplying. A lot of them have an aggressively acidic nature - gastritis implies a rejection not only of sausages and sausages , but also of mayonnaise and ketchup.
- Excessively fatty foods. Food for gastritis implies exclusions from the diet of any foods fried in deep fat or hot oil (fried potatoes, meatballs, pork chops). Whenever possible, try to use lean meat and do not subject it to aggressive frying, but rather extinguish it in a small amount of vegetable oil.
Diet for gastritis
In fact, the list of foods that you can eat with gastritis resembles a paleo-diet , which implies the rejection of modern food (starting from soda and sweets, ending with wheat and dairy products) and the transition to the most traditional human diet. Also, with gastritis, you can follow a modified Mediterranean diet .
However, with gastritis, not only a separate diet is forbidden (medicine has long rejected it as unscientific), but also most diets for drying. The complexity of gastritis for athletes lies in the fact that it prohibits the use of stomach irritating caffeine (found in many fat burners ), and in some cases, whey protein itself.
Nutrition for gastritis: what you can eat
- Eat more vegetables . Most vegetables are alkaline in nature, helping with gastritis and lowering the acidity of the stomach. However, vegetables are best served cooked rather than fresh. Among other things, try to avoid vegetables that cause gas formation - broccoli, cabbage and legumes (including soy).
- Eat more cereals . Whole-grain cereals and pseudo-grain crops ( buckwheat and quinoa ) contain fiber, which not only normalizes the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, but also guarantees long-term saturation. At the same time, if possible, try to reduce the use of wheat and gluten.
- Eat lean meat . Lean beef, white chicken, lean fish - all these foods are acceptable for gastritis. The opinion that meat should only be cooked steamed is no more than an exaggeration. The main thing is to fry in a good pan with non-stick coating. In this case, a spoonful of olive oil will be enough for you.
- Eat low-fat dairy products . In the event that you do not experience problems with the absorption of lactose , the use of skim milk or fresh (and not sweetened) yogurt can help get rid of stomach pain. Regarding cheeses, soft varieties are allowed without “noble” mold (that is, Gouda, but not Roquefort).
Gastritis is one of the most common diseases of the stomach, the main characteristic of which is the increased (or reduced) acidity of the gastric juice. Despite the fact that gastritis cannot be cured, proper nutrition and rejection of bad habits can significantly alleviate the unpleasant symptoms of gastritis.
- Gastritis (Symptoms, Pain, Home Remedies, and Cure), source
- WebMD: What Is Gastritis ?, source
- Gastritis Diet: What to Eat and What to Avoid, source