The well-known peanut, in fact, belongs to the legume family and is the closest relative to beans and peas, despite the hard oblong shell.
Peanuts appeared in Brazil, now they are grown all over the world, where the climate allows. Already there are 7 species of plants. They use fruits for the preparation of sweets, salads, sauces, and add them to meat dishes.
Peanuts: calories, BJU
The nutritional value of the raw fruit is 551 kilocalories per 100 g. The daily rate of consumption of peanuts is 50 g (15 nuts) - 275 kcal. Fried grains are pulled by 600-660 calories. Moreover, in 100 grams contains 26.3 g of protein, 9.9 g of carbohydrates, 45.2 g of fat. The composition of the nuclei includes folic and pantothenic and other organic acids, vitamins E, B, A, D, PP and biotin.
The benefits of peanuts for the body
Peanuts are not only a storehouse of useful trace elements.
An earthen fruit has many health benefits:
- improving blood composition, increasing hemoglobin levels;
- strengthening muscles (in particular cardiac) and blood vessels;
- rejuvenation and cell renewal;
- normalization of digestion, relieving irritation of the gastric mucosa, reducing pain with an ulcer;
- improving the central nervous system, relieving depression, improving mood, muscle tone, a positive effect on concentration and brain function.
Benefits for women
It is especially important for women to supply the body with fiber and saturated fats to strengthen the walls of the uterus, improve hair, nails, and skin.
Daily use of the fetus rejuvenates the body and cleanses it of toxins.
|In everyday life|
- Detox effect, cleansing of toxins, improving bowel function, improving diet
- slowing down the aging process of cells (the effect of an antioxidant);
- strengthening of hair follicles, nail plates;
- lowering cholesterol, reducing the risk of ischemic stroke
- Increased chances of becoming pregnant, reduced risk of miscarriage (thanks to vitamin E);
- prevention of fetal malformations (due to folic acid);
- beneficial effect on the intrauterine development of the child (thanks to magnesium and phosphorus)
- Increased lactation, but consultation requires a doctor
Benefits for men
The increased content of biotin normalizes the hormonal background of a man, fights against baldness. For the same reason, peanuts have a positive effect on potency and reproductive function.
The product is administered in the treatment of infertility. Nuts help with diseases of the genitourinary system, a mixture of flour from kernels and honey (1 teaspoon at night) is a good prevention of prostate adenoma.
In addition, peanuts quickly restore strength and provide the energy that is needed to perform hard work or during athletic exercise.
Benefits for children
Nuts are dangerous for children in two cases: with improper storage and the appearance of mold and with individual intolerance. The second case is rare, so if there is no genetic predisposition, peanuts can be given for the first time after a year.
The opinions of experts were divided. Some believe that it is better to give the baby different types of nuts (walnuts, forest, cashews, almonds, peanuts) from a year to 3 years, so that the body gets used to such fruits and is saturated with useful substances. Others are sure that it is better not to take risks and start complementary foods from the age of 7.
In any case, children under 3 years old are not recommended to give more than 5 nuts per day, and after 3 - more than 10. Groundnuts prevent the development of tumors, saturate brain cells and neurons with amino acids. You can use the core to make cookies or healthy sweets.
The most important property of any nut for a bodybuilder is its protein content. Peanuts literally save vegetarian athletes who lack animal amino acids. In addition, it does not need to be carefully prepared, it quickly saturates the body, eliminates the feeling of hunger, enriches the cells with omega-3, 6, and 9.
Earth peanut dilates blood vessels due to the active production of nitric oxide, which contributes to the rapid transport of nutrients to the muscles. It is eaten raw before training or added to protein shakes. In addition, it improves the central nervous system and gives a charge of good mood.
Peanut butter is actively used by bodybuilders in their diet programs to gain weight.
Ways to make peanuts
These fruits are actively used in the confectionery business, but they are suitable for any dish: vegetable, meat, flour, cereal. In raw form, peanuts are introduced into the diet menu and in salads, and when fried or dried, sweets are added or cooked as an appetizer.
From nuts make vegetable "milk" and decoctions:
- powder from nuts is diluted with water and drunk 1 glass per day, this tool is used to treat stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers;
- tincture of peanut husk and vodka, aged 12-13 days, is used as an immunomodulator;
- decoctions of fruits cope with colds.
Cooking in the oven
This method will require 40-60 minutes of free time, a deep pan and an oven. It is suitable for cooking peanuts in shell. Spread the grains evenly without first lubricating the surface with oil. Put in the oven, preheated to 175 degrees.
After 15 minutes, the nuts are mixed and continue to dry at a temperature of 200 degrees. Ready signal - characteristic crackle. When the peanuts crack, the stove is turned off, but the dishes are left in it for another 15 minutes before cooling.
In the microwave
The easiest and fastest way to make peanuts. Pour nuts in a thin layer on a flat plate or a special tray in the microwave. With a power of 800 W, 1-1.5 minutes is enough to a normal degree of frying.
Subsequent times it is better to set the timer for 30 seconds, and between the approaches stir and check the grains for taste, bringing to the ideal state (to taste). In the last run you can add spices. Ready fruits are cleaned with a towel from dry husks.
How to fry peanuts in a pan
Grain is fried in a dry pan with non-stick coating and high sides. Before this, the nuts are peeled, but the peel is left. You will need a wooden spatula for mixing.
- Peanuts are laid out in a thin layer, evenly distributed over the diameter of the dishes.
- The fire is set medium, fry the fruits for 15-20 minutes, stirring constantly.
- In the process of cooking, the husk dries and falls off, the color of the fruit changes to golden, and they themselves easily break into halves.
- Ready grains are poured onto a towel and actively triturated to get rid of the remnants of the peel.
- Served salted or candied.
Cough Peanut Broth
A folk recipe helps with dry cough and diseases of the upper respiratory tract. The broth helps to thin and sputum, restore torn ligaments. In addition, hot it warms up the body well and relieves colds, laryngitis.
For cooking, you will need 120 g of peanuts with peel and 1 liter of water. Pour the nuts and boil for 10-15 minutes on low heat. Take heated 3-4 times a day, 70 ml, the grains are eaten. You can add honey and ginger for a better warming effect.
Peanuts and Slimming
Despite the high calorie content, peanuts are actively used in the menu of losing weight and in the methods of drying the body for athletes. Yes, the fruits are saturated with fats and protein, therefore, they are recommended to be consumed before 16:00 and in a limited amount of 50 g (15 unroasted beans).
During a diet, fruits are more often used as a snack, a healthy treat, lunch. Bars are made of them, mixed with honey and cereals. In addition, peanuts go well with fresh vegetables, so it is suitable for salads or hot vegetable side dishes. Walnut quickly satisfies hunger.
Possible harm to peanuts for humans
Any nut is a strong allergen, and peanuts are no exception. Children are given it gradually, starting with one nut, they observe the reaction of the body. At the first sign of an allergy, they are removed from the diet.
Another not strict contraindication is arthritis and arthrosis, gout. With joint diseases, fruits can be consumed, but in limited quantities. Also, the plant is famous for the property of blood thickening, which negatively affects varicose veins.
Crude kernels cause digestion, they stop the stomach, cause discomfort. Do not abuse them with obesity. Like all legumes, high-calorie peanuts include a lot of saturated fat. Excessive intake leads to weight gain.
If the rules of transportation and storage are not observed, the nut dries up, harmful substances appear in it - aflatoxins, which cause poisoning. Before use, it is important to check the integrity of the shell, the absence of moldy or whitish plaque.