Circuit Training System
CrossFit is one of the most popular training systems based on the principles of circular training using functional training - training with exercises that are as close to natural movements as possible.
The crossfit training system combines activities such as interval running, rowing in the simulator, jumping rope, rope climbing, ring and bar exercises, strength exercises using weights, barbells and heavy objects.
How are crossfit workouts built?
Each lesson is a combination of the above activities, called the Workout of the Day (WOD). There are several hundreds of such combinations, and, in fact, the daily crossfit workouts are not repeated, and there is no clear system.
One of the distinguishing features of the system is the work in groups of 10-15 people, which helps to train more efficiently - experienced community members encourage newcomers and also compete among themselves for the best result.
history of the company
CrossFit's founder, Greg Glassman, was born October 28, 1956 in the vicinity of Los Angeles, California. He began his career as a personal trainer at the age of 18, and in the very first years he began to use the CrossFit name for his training system (1) .
Initially, the system served as a personal program for burning fat, and training took place in a regular gym. However, the business model gradually changed, in 1995 the first CrossFit hall appeared, and in 2000 CrossFit, Inc. was opened.
CrossFit Business Model
Crossfit training centers are required to pay annual fees for using the methodology and brand, and the trainers of these centers are required to undergo annual two-day training at CrossFit centers worth about $ 1,000.
In 2012, CrossFit, Inc. revenue amounted to $ 50 million, in 2013, according to preliminary estimates, it will be $ 100 million (2) . The number of locations at the end of 2012 was 6775. The number of people training in the system is more than half a million.
Crossfit & rebook
In the early 2000s, Reebok began to experience serious sales difficulties, losing a contract with the NFL National Football League. In 2006, Adidas bought Reebok for $ 3.8 billion, and in 2010 there was also a replacement for NFL - a 10-year partnership with CrossFit (3) .
The amount of the transaction was not disclosed, but the company allocated $ 1 million only to the prize fund of Reebok CrossFit Games 2011. In addition to supporting the above games, collections of sports shoes and clothes for crossfit classes were released.
In 2005, The New Your Times published a large-scale critical article on crossfit - “Getting Fit, Even If It Kills You” (4) . The material told about people who received serious injuries during training on this system.
In the USA, a lawsuit took place, according to which CrossFit, Inc. paid $ 300 thousand to the person who received injuries during the training. Moreover, even the logic of building a system and approach to loads are often the subject of criticism.
Opinions of professionals
Dr. Stuart McGill, University of Waterloo : “The benefits that you can get from crossfit are crossed out by the risk that you expose yourself by performing dangerous exercises inherently with poor technique and at a fast pace.”
Chris Shugart, fitness professional: “In fact, the structure of crossfit programs is extremely chaotic, and I don’t see any logic in the choice of exercises and their sequence. The system can be extremely dangerous for untrained trainees ” (5) .
Reebok commercials that literally give the crossfit label “sport for all” forget to mention the dangers of such training for untrained beginners. Not to mention that the crossfit system is in no way suitable for gaining muscle mass.
- Greg Glassman Biography, source
- Do Not Cross CrossFit, source
- Reebok embraces personal fitness trend, source
- Getting Fit, Even if It Kills You, source
- The Truth About CrossFit, source