Over the course of their lives, more than 80% of people manage to get acquainted with the symptoms of various joint diseases and pains in them. Such pains can be minor, and can be intense, severe and debilitating.
Those who have joint pains often try to self-medicate, not even knowing exactly why and how their disease arose. As a result, they can often only exacerbate the problem, since the cause of the pain they experience can be a variety of diseases.
What diseases can cause joint pain?
Most often, such pain is experienced by people suffering from:
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- psoriatic arthritis;
- reactive arthritis;
- septic arthritis;
- Lyme disease;
- lymphoblastic leukemia;
- Still's disease;
- lupus erythematosus;
- Crohn's disease;
- Kawasaki disease.
More information about the causes of joint pain can be found here . But among the existing wide variety of joint diseases, the most common are two:
Arthritis and arthrosis - what is the difference between these joint diseases. Their symptoms
Arthritis is an inflammatory joint disease that can cause:
- various injuries
- infectious diseases
- metabolic disorders.
In this case, both individual joints and several at the same time can be affected.
The disease can develop rapidly with the appearance of pain in the joint and fever. In this case, this painful condition is called acute arthritis.
In contrast to the described situation, a slow progression of pain, characteristic of chronic arthritis, is also possible.
Arthrosis is a disease of the dystrophic type, in which a gradual slow destruction of the cartilage of the joints occurs.
What symptoms indicate joint disease?
The most obvious signs of adverse changes in the tissues of the joints (and in their surrounding) are as follows:
A) the appearance of severe pain, as well as a feeling of "crunching" when flexing / extending the joint;
B) the occurrence of redness and swelling in the affected joint;
C) limitation of mobility of a sick limb.
The listed symptoms are observed with most joint diseases, but there are some differences.
Arthritis resulting from infectious diseases
Similar reactive arthritis usually appears after a history of diseases of the genitourinary system, stomach or intestines. The duration of the disease can vary from one day to two weeks. Such arthritis can pass on its own, but its transition into the form of a chronic disease is also possible. Purulent arthritis also occurs (although rarely), which, as a rule, is the result of either blood poisoning or significant joint injury.
Arthritis accompanying rheumatism
Although pain and all other symptoms with such a disease are mild, and its duration is also usually small, but it can sequentially affect the joint after joint. This type of arthritis is rare.
This ailment is most often found in men and usually middle-aged. As a rule, the joints of the legs are affected, in which there is an excessive deposition of certain salts (for example, uric acid). The causes of this disease are usually excessive drinking and improperly organized diet. The rate of pain development is very high, within an hour the place in the joint area turns red, the person’s temperature rises significantly, and he can’t practically move his sick limb.
If the joints hurt for more than two days, then it is advisable to consult a doctor. To do this, you can start by making an appointment with one of the following specialists:
A) to the therapist;
B) to the orthopedist;
B) to the surgeon;
D) to the traumatologist;
D) to the rheumatologist;
E) to the arthrologist.
In this case, to carry out an accurate diagnosis, it may be necessary to carry out:
- physical examination;
- blood test;
- X-ray examination;
- CT / MRI / ultrasound of the joint;
- arthroscopy and joint puncture.
How are joint arthritis treated?
Treatment is carried out using drugs that reduce inflammation and joint pain, while the appointment of all medications is exclusively the responsibility of the attending physician.
In some advanced cases, surgical intervention may be required. Along with taking medications, a certain diet and the execution of a set of some physical exercises are sometimes recommended, which are selected strictly individually for each patient.